The paper attempts to explain the different treatment in the early days of George Town and Adelaide. The main reason was that George Town was to be a “plantation colony”, a place to conduct trade with the locals where settlement pattern was not a priority. Adelaide was to be a “settler colony” where free men from England were to be settled. Thus the growth of the town had to be planned. Nevertheless, the author also points out that the personalities of Francis and William Light, one the founder of George Town, the other of Adelaide, had important bearings on the development of the two towns.