Opting Out – Choice or Circumstance ?

By Poh Heem Heem

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When a woman opts out of the workforce, is it choice or circumstance?In both cases, the catalyst to this situation is motherhood which affects women at all levels: high earning women with advanced degrees; middle class working women who hold professional qualifications and women from the low wage bracket who work to make ends meet. The common thread which links these three groups of women who earn vastly different incomes is that in the majority of these cases, they do...

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Poh Heem Heem

is senior manager for Special Projects and Consultancy at the PSDC. The PITRS is a special project designed as an inhouse document for limited circulation. The key findings have been summarised here by her team members, Richard Ho and Tan Yin Hooi.