The Educational Origins of Penang’s Skills Mismatch and Brain Drain

By Ooi Kee Beng

January 2023 EDITORIAL
main image
EDUCATION IS REGARDED as a human right today. Therefore, most modern states, barring those who expressly consider public education to be a threat to their continued exercise of political or religious power have felt duty-bound to provide some level of formal schooling to every one of their citizens.But nation building in young countries tends to be more formalistic than substantial. This is understandable; the way it is understandable that state institutions in such countries are often constructed as part and...

To read the rest of the article and to access our e-Archive, log in or subscribe to us for RM150 a year.

Ooi Kee Beng

is the Executive Director of Penang Institute. His recent books include The Eurasian Core and its Edges: Dialogues with Wang Gungwu on the History of the World (ISEAS 2016). Homepage: