After 50 Years: No Slowing Down in Penang’s Industrialisation

By Ong Wooi Leng

August 2022 COVER STORY
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THE PLAN TO establish Penang as a manufacturing hub was initiated in the early ’60s under the first Chief Minister of Penang, Wong Pow Nee, following the recommendation of the 1964 Munro Report – Penang’s first development master plan. Penang’s earliest industrial estates were set up in Province Wellesley and infrastructure provisions were made to attract capital investment to the mainland.[1]Unfortunately, this attempt, aggravated by the complete loss of Penang’s free port status and problems with the import-substitution industrialisation strategy,...

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Ong Wooi Leng

heads the Socioeconomics and Statistics Programme at Penang Institute. Her work lies in labour market analysis and socio-economic development.