From Free Port to Modern Economy. Economic Development and Social Change in Penang, 1969 to 1990

By Ooi Kee Beng

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Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu (left).
Introduction (abridged)Published by Penang Institute and ISEAS (Singapore) 2019WHILE Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu (1919-2010) was undoubtedly a major actor in the early history of Malaya and Malaysia, the role that gave him lasting fame in history books about the country is most undoubtedly that as the Architect of Modern Penang.In his long political life, he did seem plagued by adversity whenever he managed to reach what seemed a critical point in his career. For example, soon after he became...

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Ooi Kee Beng

is the Executive Director of Penang Institute. His recent books include The Eurasian Core and its Edges: Dialogues with Wang Gungwu on the History of the World (ISEAS 2016). Homepage: