E&E and E&E: Penang’s Two Economic Legs Showing Strong Muscles

By Ooi Kee Beng

August 2022 EDITORIAL
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As with Singapore three decades later, Penang, on being taken over by the British in 1786, immediately depended on the benefits of being a free port. The contingencies of such an economy quickly came to define most of what we consider Penang Culture today.This unique culture covers all aspects of what we know as modern living. Without a doubt, multiculturalism provided the format for much of this. Not only have various communities lived together, they came to take it as...

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Ooi Kee Beng

is the Executive Director of Penang Institute. His recent books include The Eurasian Core and its Edges: Dialogues with Wang Gungwu on the History of the World (ISEAS 2016). Homepage: wikibeng.com