Seberang Perai Utara in Numbers

By Syafiqah Nazurah Mukhtar

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SEBERANG PERAI WAS historically known as Province Wellesley, when in 1798, it was handed over by the Kedah Sultanate to the British East India Company. In recent times, however, “Seberang Perai” is used by locals to refer to land on the other side of the Perai River.

Bordering Kuala Muda in Kedah, Seberang Perai Utara is the largest district in Penang, measuring 268 square kilometres and with a population density of 1,275 people per square kilometre. Seberang Perai Utara is wealthy for its prehistoric archaeological finds, dating back roughly 5,000 years, and for its early history as an important meeting point between Kedah, Siam and the British.

Urbanisation has transformed Seberang Perai Utara’s charming rustic landscapes into residential properties, complete with a range of amenities. The district’s total population now numbers 341,500 people. But visitors to the area are still able to bask in its pastoral ambience and sample the kampung way of life from the array of cultural and environmental attractions on offer.

Facilities Available

There are 34 clinics (including maternal and child health clinics, rural clinics and community clinics) and one hospital in Seberang Perai Utara. The district also has 65 primary and 30 secondary schools (both government and government-aided). Impressively, for public safety, 17 units of police stations (including the headquarters, stations and huts) and five fire stations can be found here. Options for its hospitality industry are, however, limited to its two homestays, 18 accommodation premises and the Desa Lestari Village.[1]

Public Green Spaces

Seberang Perai Utara has a total of 236 green spaces available for public access, covering an estimated total area of 150.2 hectares. Area-wise, neighbourhood parks constitute the largest (69.1 hectares), followed by recreational parks (49.1 hectares). Neighbourhood parks account for 68% of all park types. Interestingly, there is quite a significant amount of vacant land. Twenty-one areas account for 8.9% of that which is categorised as vacant land used for recreation,[2] but these are presently found to be vacant of any recreational facilities and are not properly maintained. There are also about 4.3 hectares of land categorised under “open green space” and others that have high potential as proper public green spaces.


[1] DOSM, My Local Stats Seberang Perai Utara, Pulau Pinang, 2020.

[2] Current land use data, 2021.

Syafiqah Nazurah Mukhtar

is an urban studies researcher who also loves to decorate homes and spaces.