Aquaculture: The Good, the Bad and the Restorative

By Dr. Annette Jaya Ram, Dr. Abe Woo Sau Pinn, Prof. Dato’ Dr. Aileen Tan Shau-Hwai

January 2022 FEATURE
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Culturing species at the lower trophic level as sustainable aquaculture; eg. molluscs, echinoderm or macroalgal. Photo by: CEMACS
THE CENTRE FOR Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS) at Universiti Sains Malaysia is deep in research cultivating bivalves and seaweeds as natural bio-remediators, to reverse the adverse effects of unchecked aquaculture farming.Penang's aquaculture sector, though a thriving global export industry with significant job creation opportunities, is also a worrying source for severe environmental disruptions. Eutrophication, the result of excessive nutrient loading from uneaten fish food and faecal matter in open-water fish cage farming practices, triggers phytoplankton blooms and increases decaying...

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Dr. Annette Jaya Ram

works on mariculture of mud crabs and mantis shrimps. She is identifying the best ways to culture them in order to reduce the harvesting of these organisms from the wild.

Dr. Abe Woo Sau Pinn

studies the biodiversity of marine invertebrates and their systematics. His research interests include ecology, diversity, systematics and taxonomy of echinoderms.

Prof. Dato’ Dr. Aileen Tan Shau-Hwai

is director of CEMACS, and executive director of the Asia-Pacific University Community Engagement Network, USM. Her field of expertise is marine science, and she specialises further in mariculture and in the conservation of molluscs. She currently leads a team of experts under the IOC-WESTPAC regional programme in conducting research on jellyfish and drafting a comprehensive plan on dealing with threats caused by jellyfish.