A Balanced Society? The Planning Must Start Now

By Stuart Macdonald

November 2019 FEATURE
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 This article first appeared in our September 2015 issue.In celebration of our 10th anniversary, we put together for you in this issue some of our most memorable articles.Penang aspires to be an international and intelligent state, and is developing fast with ambitious plans. But first, let’s plan the planning.Malaysia follows a plan-led development system, with top-down multilevel plans ranging from the National Physical Plan to State Structure Plans and Local Plans; within Local Plans, there are also the Special Area...

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Stuart Macdonald

is a fellow and head of Urban Studies at Penang Institute.