Looking Seawards: The Benefits of the Blue Economy Await Penang

By Gareth Johnstone, Negin Vaghefi

September 2019 COVER STORY
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Penang’s economy, culture and environment are defined as much by the water that surrounds its shoreline as it is by the land on which its people live and work. Its coastal waters, rivers, lakes, wetlands, coral reefs and estuaries create jobs and provide an important source of food, creating huge economic opportunities.The ocean has come to represent a new economic frontier for actors of different interests across the public and private sectors. Ocean-based economic activities can be sustainably developed to...

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Gareth Johnstone

Dr Gareth Johnstone is a geographer with 25 years of professional experience in natural resource management and research, with an emphasis on governance issues, policy development, capacity building and institutional development. In 2017, he was appointed as Director General of WorldFish, an international non-profit research organisation based in Malaysia.

Negin Vaghefi

is a senior analyst at Penang Institute. She holds a Ph.D. in Environmental Economics. Her research interests include agri-environmental economics, climate change, green economics, poverty and income inequality, and policy analysis.