Penang’s Demography in Numbers

By Ong Wooi Leng

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In general, the size of Penang’s population is expected to expand substantially for elderly persons. This is evidently shown in Figure 1 where the population of those aged 55 years old and above has sharply increased after 2000. The younger working age cohorts (15 – 44 years old) on the other hand are estimated to gradually scale down.The ratio of Penang’s working age population to non-working age population peaked in 2015, but it is estimated to decline in the future due...

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Ong Wooi Leng

heads the Socioeconomics and Statistics Programme at Penang Institute. Her work lies in labour market analysis and socio-economic development.