In 2017 48.8% of Malaysia’s total population is represented by women1; in Penang, women make up 49.7% of its total population.2
However, women stood for only 38.6% of Malaysia’s total labour force, and in comparison, 41.6% of Penang’s total labour force3. According to the Global Gender Gap Report published by the World Economic Forum in 2016, Malaysia was ranked 88 out of 144 countries for gender equality in economic participation and opportunity. Regionally, Malaysia was only ranked higher than Indonesia. (Myanmar and East Timor were not included in the report.)
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