More Federalism, Less Centralism


Malaysians are known to be multilingual as a rule, especially in urban or semi-urban areas where flows of cultures mingle.

This mingling can take place in an ad hoc and spontaneous manner like at a marketplace; or in a more regularised way like at a workplace; or most intimately through intercultural marriages. This is not particular to Malaysia. In fact, this seems to be the normal human situation wherever groups of people discover that peaceful interaction is more useful than mutual annihilation.

But more often than not, and especially in the age of the nation-state, this amorphous multilingualism and multiculturalism is seen as a weakness.

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