THE FOLLOWING TEXT is mined by Ooi Kee Beng from The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and its Dependencies, Vol. XIV, January–June 1822: p284. It provides details of the immediate aftermath of the escape to Penang in 1821 by Rajah Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah II of Kedah, ahead of an invading Siamese army led by the Rajah of Ligor. Langkawi was not spared. Demands for the sultan to be handed over were made to the Governor of Penang, William Edward Phillips. A skirmish at Penaga near “Prye” was fought and won by the British under a Captain Brooke.
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