Malaysia’s human development index (HDI) has been rising in steady increments from 2010 till 2012. Life expectancy has risen by 0.5 years, whereas gross national income (GNI) per capita has increased by 7.2%, an annual growth rate of 2.34%. Mean and expected years of schooling have not seen any changes. Malaysia’s HDI value is relatively ahead compared to selected groups: 0.086 points higher than the average of the high HDI group (which includes countries such as Cuba, Brazil and Turkey), and 0.011 points higher than that of East Asia & the Pacific. Malaysia’s GNI of US$13,676 is also considerably higher than the average in East Asia & the Pacific, and double the average of countries with high HDI.
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