One-party rule was never declared in Malaysia, yet that was a fact that Malaysians lived with for over 40 years. But because it remained unstated, it is now able to pass away without the chaos that tends to accompany the decline of such a hegemony.
It’s now the fifth anniversary of the political tsunami of March 8, 2008. It’s also the 50th anniversary of Malaysia, the 67th year of Umno and the 65th year of Umno’s one-party predominance in Malaysia.
Just by looking at these simple figures, one must agree that there is no way one can tell Malaysia’s modern history without looking at Umno’s.
Suppressed ethnocracy in a consociational democracy
The country’s formal political structure was basically laid down in 1948, the year the Malayan Union was replaced by the Federation of Malaya.
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