Electoral system – options beyond First-Past-The-Post

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Malaysia’s present electoral system, First-Past-the-Post, is not the only electoral system available. In this article, we’ll take you through a variety of systems currently in use around the world. But what works best for Malaysia?

Just as fishes are not conscious of the water they live in, many of us take our electoral system for granted. Some consider that one ballot for a nominal choice between two or more candidates is the natural way through which all elections must be carried out. In Australia and Ireland, people can rank all the candidates by their references because the ballot is ordinal. In most European countries, they choose, not between candidates, but parties or lists of candidates. In Germany, you have two ballots, one for the constituency representative and the other one for the party.


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