Education is a key issue in nation building; in no other country has it been more evident than in Malaysia where so much contestation since the 1950s has been about school types and the language of instruction.
As soon as self-governance was obtained in 1955, we already saw the appointment of a committee to review the educational situation in the country and suggest a new structure suitable for a fully independent Malaya. The Razak Report came out of that in 1956 and formed the basis for the Education Ordinance of 1957 that came into being just a month before Merdeka.
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