Liveability in Numbers

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Income and Distribution Of the five districts in Penang, the southwest (BD), north Seberang Perai (SPU) and central Seberang Perai (SPT) districts experienced higher income inequality in 2019. The northeast district (TL) saw the biggest improvement in its Gini coefficient,1 dropping from its highest at 0.377 in 2016 to the second-lowest at 0.356 in 2019 (Figure 1). This is explained by the increase in medium-income households and the corresponding income share in the district. Meanwhile, the highest Gini coefficient was found in SPT (0.367) which was also the biggest increase in 2019. As a district with the second-highest Gini coefficient, income ...


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