LIMITED ENGINEERING AND social feasibility still hinder many countries, especially in the Global South, from fully implementing urban water reuse. Ideally, urban water reuse schemes are economically viable, environmentally friendly and aesthetically pleasing; they discourage water losses, long-distance wastewater transfer, high energy usage and emissions from wastewater treatment.
The average daily water consumption in most Malaysian states stands at 230 litres per capita (LCD), reports the National Water Services Commission1. This use is excessive when compared to the daily water requirement stipulated by the UN, which is estimated at only 165 LCD. Pipe leakage, storage reservoir overflows and water theft contribute ...
To read the rest of the article and to access our e-Archive, subscribe to us for
RM150 a year.
Subscribe Sign in