RAPID URBANISATION, economic development, population growth, limited land area and industrial expansion all pose significant environmental challenges for Penang. This includes air and water pollution, landslides, flash floods and solid waste management.
Malaysia uses the Air Pollution Index (API) to assess the ambient air quality based on the health risks of air pollution. The air quality in Penang is monitored at four stations, namely Balik Pulau, Minden, Seberang Jaya and Seberang Perai. The state’s overall air quality worsened in 2019; this is reflected in the decreasing number of days with good API levels and an increase in the number ...
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