As more people move into urban areas, much care and planning are needed to ensure that the cities do not self-destruct.
Half the world’s population live in urban settlements – 54.5% in 2016 to be exact, according to the UN. This figure is expected to rise to 60% by 2030.
The movement of people from rural to urban areas may be defined as urbanisation, but it does not necessarily happen the same way in different places, especially in widely developed and industrialised nations. For urban planning to be effective, the scale of urbanisation must be recognised. Urban development processes need to be guided and managed in a sustainable manner, and be associated with economic growth and development, providing vital opportunities, social advancement and poverty reduction.
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