East Malaysia in numbers

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With consciousness of East Malaysia being heightened, especially post GE-13, we explore its demographics, along with its economic contribution and literacy rates.

Demographic overview

Bumiputera includes Malay, Iban, Bidayuh, Kadazan Dusun, Bajau and other Orang Asli. Non-Malay Bumiputeras make up close to 60% of Sarawak’s population and more than 70% of Sabah’s, with the majorities being the Iban (30% of Sarawak’s population) and the Kadazan Dusun (23% of Sabah’s population).

The representation of various religions is different across Malaysia – while Muslims form the majority of worshippers in Peninsular Malaysia, Christians make up the majority in Sarawak. Christianity also has a substantial presence in Sabah, at more than 30% of the state’s population.


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